The Story of Strawberry Fields Forever
The Beatles’ 1967 hit “Strawberry Fields Forever” has long been considered one of the greatest pop songs ever recorded. Released in February of that year as a double A side single along with Penny Lane, the song peaked at number eight on the US Billboard charts (The Turtles’ “Happy Together” was number one that week). In 2011, Rolling Stone named it the band’s third greatest song and the 76th greatest song ever. Written by John Lennon, it’s a true masterpiece, but what it isn’t is a song about fields full of strawberries.
Reading the lyrics, it’s clear that the song isn’t as happy-go-lucky as the melody might suggest. The song is more about Lennon’s insecurities and his tough childhood. The title of the song refers to the Salvation Army-ran girl’s orphanage – dreamily called “Strawberry Field” – that Lennon lived near growing up in Liverpool. Here’s the real story behind the song “Strawberry Fields Forever.”
The Beatles were going through a rough patch when they all splintered off in the summer of 1966, immediately following what would be their last US live performance at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park. The Fab Four would eventually reunite for six more albums (and one legendary, unannounced rooftop live performance), but that wasn’t known in the summer of ‘66. For his part, Lennon made his way to Almería, Spain to star in the black comedy How I Won the War. With long waits between shooting scenes, Lennon had plenty of time to write. In six weeks, he had a working version of the song that would come to define the Beatles’ second act.
John Lennon’s childhood wasn’t particularly happy. When he was a baby, his banjo-playing father Alf was rarely home and often away at sea as a merchant. Tired of his travels, John’s mother Julia fell in love with another man and got pregnant with John’s half-sister. This caused a tremendous rift in the Lennon family with Julia’s sister Mimi calling social services twice on her own sister for raising John in, what she called, an unfit home. Eventually, social services handed John’s care over to Aunt Mimi and he spent a large portion of his childhood at his Aunt’s suburban Liverpool home in a town called Woolton – the house is now part of UK’s National Trust as a museum. John’s relationships with his parents after that were tragic. He wouldn’t see his father again for over two decades. John’s mother was hit and killed by a speeding car while crossing a road when John was only 17.
According to Cynthia Lennon, John’s first wife, while Aunt Mimi did care for John, “she was not a woman for cuddles and praise.” Ruling with an iron fist, John was expected to be obedient, well-behaved and groomed. Later, biographers would write that he had a hard time making friends. It’s little wonder that young John Lennon had a rebellious streak and would often go in secret to play in the gardens of his next door neighbor – the girl’s orphanage Strawberry Field.
The history of Strawberry Field dates back to 1870, when the property was owned by a wealthy English ship owner named George Warren. On the site, he built a giant gothic mansion that was in line with England’s Victorian-era, complete with a iron wrought gate, gardens and flowers. In 1927, another wealthy ship magnate named Alexander C. Mitchell purchased the mansion and property. Seven years later, Mitchell’s widow sold it to the Salvation Army. On July 7, 1936, the home was opened as a orphanage for up to forty girls. Two decades later, boys would be allowed in, but throughout most of John’s childhood, Strawberry Field was an all-girls’ orphanage.
Years later, interviews would reveal the influence this foreboding, mysterious place had on Lennon’s writing. In a 1968 Rolling Stone interview, Lennon said that he was trying to write about Liverpool and had “visions of Strawberry Fields… Because Strawberry Fields is just anywhere you want to go.” (Note that the song title is “Strawberry Fields,” but the actual place is called “Strawberry Field.” Lennon would later admit that this was a stylistic choice- “Fields” simply sounded better than “Field.”)
Lennon also often alluded to how Strawberry Field was representative of his childhood, on the outside foreboding but once he climbed over that wall, full of wildflowers and secretive gardens. It’s also thought that he greatly identified with the orphans who lived there, considering that he felt abandoned by his parents. In 1980, he explained his childhood thinking, “There was something wrong with me, I thought, because I seemed to see things other people didn’t see.”
When John Lennon brought the song back to the band in November of 1966, it was met with awe. Engineer Geoff Emerick recalled to Rolling Stone that fateful moment, “There was a moment of stunned silence, broken by Paul, who in a quiet, respectful tone said simply, ‘That is absolutely brilliant.’” Over about a month, the band tinkered and recorded the song. It is widely thought of as the most complicated recording the Beatles ever did. When it was released in February of 1967, it was exactly what McCartney said when he first heard the song John Lennon named after a Liverpool girl’s orphanage – brilliant.
Today, Strawberry Field is in a state of disrepair despite continuing to be a tourist attraction for Beatle fanatics. In 2005, after nearly 70 years as an orphanage, it closed down and all the remaining children were transferred to foster families. While many of the original buildings and structures were torn down in the 1970s, a few still remained including the iconic red Victorian-era Strawberry Field gates – until 2001. The gates, which dated back to Warren, were put into storage and replaced with replicas, leaving many fans (and tour guides, who rely on Beatle-related income) upset. Plans were announced in 2014 to turn the site into “a training centre for people with learning difficulties” along with a museum and artifacts dedicated to the influence this place had on the Beatles and John Lennon. However, as of this writing, Strawberry Field remains abandoned and mostly decrepit.
If you liked this article, you might also enjoy our new popular podcast, The BrainFood Show (iTunes, Spotify, Google Play Music, Feed), as well as:
- When the Beatles Were Pelted with Jelly Beans
- The Forgotten Beatle- The Story of Jimmie Nicol
- That Time John Lennon Almost Beat a Man to Death
- Paul McCartney’s “Scrambled Eggs,” which Evolved Into One of the Most Recorded Songs of All Time
- The #1 Song the Beatles Turned Down
- Performing Song Writer: The Story Behind “Strawberry Fields Forever” & “Penny Lane”
- Billboard, Hot 110: April 1, 1967
- Rolling Stone: 100 Greatest Beatles Songs
- Rolling Stone: 500 Greatest Songs of All Time
- IMDB: How I Won the War
- The Beatles Bible: Strawberry Fields Forever
- The Beatles by Bob Spitz
- Strawberry Fields Art: Strawberry Field History
- Visitation of England and Wales by Joseph Jackson Howard, Frederick Arthur Crisp
- CNN: Strawberry Fields is not Forever
- BBC News: Strawberry Field Gates Removed
- BBC News: Plans to Open Strawberry Field to Public
- Washington Post: In Liverpool, the Beatles are Everywhere
- The Telegraphy: Death of John Lennon’s mother at hands of policeman hardened his anti-establishment views, new book claims
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My recollection of “Strawberry Fields” was of a song that involved and reflected a protest (usually supported by a group) against”the powers that be” for singling out for penalty (possibly legal) – or severe criticism, of an innocent individual whose well meant actions , or avoidable errors, comprised a serious and meaningful agenda.
Thank you for this great explanation. I had known Strawberry Field was an orphanage, but didn’t realise it’s significance for John.
In the movie, Across the Universe, the song showed scenes from the Vietman War, then bloody strawberry’s, etc. Why is there no comments on that aspect of the song. The bleeding strawberrys on the wall were like bleeding soldiers, etc.
The building has now been opened as a museum and cafe, as well as the aforementioned training facility, as of September 2019.
I learned many years ago about the Strawberry Field Orphanage and had always known that John, as a young boy, was looking through the fence and seeing life from another prospective…”living is easy with eyes closed, misunderstanding all you see…” this line, alone, pretty well sums up what he was trying to say with the entire song. John was the most prolific songwriter of my youth, and even though I was just a kid, I fell in love with his music. This song, My life, and Imagine are three of the best songs ever written and are very telling of the young man who wrote them. The world lost more than just a songwriter on that day in December of 1980, he opened the hearts of many through his music.
I toured Aunt Mimi’s home through the National Trust, and even sang a bit in the glassed in front porch where John and Paul would harmonize together. The caretakers explained that John had a tree house in the backyard early on that looked over to Strawberry Field— “ no one I think is in my tree” . John would look at the girls outside playing. Aunt Mimi would tell John that someday they would hang him for looking at the girls — “nothing to get hung about”. This tour by the National Trust is very worthwhile. They also have a tour for Paul’s house.
At Paul’s house the neighbors told the caretakers there that Paul’s mother Mary has a regular expression when calming down arguments — “ let it be” she would say. “ When I find myself in times of trouble Mother Mary comes to me, speaking words of wisdom, let it be”. Thanks for the post Matt!
I’m not so sure about this explanation. I think he’s telling us that “reality” is not what is seems. Nothing is real in this transient world and human existence is not serious at all and nothing to get hung about. Most people go through life with eyes closed and never realise this. Everything is frequency and most people are unable to tune into higher frequencies that reveal a very different world to what Joe Public sees