Who Invented the Chocolate Easter Bunny?
Many believe (although it’s certainly not settled) that the name Easter is derived from Germanic goddess of spring and fertility, Eostra. In support, they point to one potential origin story of the Easter Bunny from early German myths, where, after a little girl prayed to Eostra for help saving a dying bird, the goddess transformed it into a hare; moreover, she promised it would return each year bringing rainbow colored eggs.
Whether that’s really how we got the Easter bunny or not (and, note, in these old legends it was typically a hare, not a bunny- see: The Difference Between a Rabbit and a Hare), decorating eggs is an ancient practice dating back about 60,000 years (in this case, decorating ostrich eggs). Evidence of similar rituals are also found with the Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Persians; moving forward a bit in history, early Christians in Mesopotamia were known to color eggs red to symbolize Christ’s crucifixion.
Regardless of the murky origins, by the 17th century, the Easter Bunny and her eggs were entrenched in the German Easter tradition, which even included the part where she hid the eggs in the garden.
Bringing their culture with them to America, when Germans settled in the eastern U.S. in the 18th century (where they were sometimes called Pennsylvania Dutch), they continued some of the bunny traditions, including having the children place “nests” in the garden for the Oschter Haws (Easter Hare) to fill with colored eggs.
By the 19th century in Germany, edible, pastry and sugar bunnies (sometimes with a hard boiled egg placed in its stomach) were being made, and some type of edible bunnies were also being produced in America.
Moving on to the chocolate variety of bunnies, it’s not clear who made them first, other than it was probably someone of German descent. Tins for chocolate molds dating to 1890 can be found today in Munich, but at the same time, Pennsylvania’s Robert L. Strohecker made a 5-foot-tall chocolate rabbit that he placed as an Easter promotion in his drugstore.
By 1925 in the U.S., chocolate bunnies could be ordered by catalog from the R.E. Rodda Candy Co., and one newspaper specifically noted “the growing popularity in the States of the chocolate rabbit.”
As for the now ubiquitous and slightly disappointing hollow bunny’s origins, it’s not clear when exactly this started either. However, we do know that hollow chocolate bunny molds existed by 1939. This type of chocolate bunny would certainly have appealed to both the penny-pinching of the Great Depression, as well as the wartime rationing of World War II, which for a time even saw the chocolate bunny disappear from the shelves completely.
After the war, chocolate bunnies were back and by 1948 Richard Palmer had introduced Baby Binks, a popular early hollow chocolate bunny. These hollow bunnies are cheaper to make, more visually pleasing in some cases (as they can be made much larger for the same cost of a smaller solid bunny), and easier on the jaws and teeth to eat. As Mark Schlott, the vice-president of the United States’ largest hollow bunny company, put it: “If you had a larger-size bunny and it was solid chocolate, it would be like a brick; you’d be breaking teeth.” The one major practical downside of the hollow chocolate bunny is potential issues with packaging and shipping, as they are significantly more fragile than their solid bodied brethren.
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- If you’re wondering why rabbits are considered such prolific breeders, it has less to do with them getting it on more than many other animals, necessarily, and more to do with the time frames involved in the process of producing new rabbits. A baby rabbit becomes sexually mature in an average of just about 5-6 months, and sometimes even sooner. They can potentially live up to around 10 years. Further, it takes only around a month from the point of getting pregnant for a female rabbit to give birth. Their litters can include as many as a dozen rabbits! What makes this even more astounding is that the female rabbit can get pregnant as soon as the next day after giving birth. Rabbits are induced ovulators, so the females are pretty much ready to get pregnant anytime they mate, with the mating triggering the ovulation. So even just a single female can give birth to several dozen baby rabbits per year. Given this, combined with the fact that the babies are ready to make babies at the stage when most human offspring are still mostly just poop and drool factories, you can see how rabbits got this reputation.
- At least in Germany, the Easter Bunny’s image was drafted into service during the great World Wars, and during World War II, a version came out of him in a Hitler Youth uniform, holding a swastika-adorned egg.
- Easter candy is big business and during the 2015 Easter season, seasonal candy sales totaled $3.7 billion, with chocolate bunnies, eggs, and the like making up 58% of sales, and sugary treats like jelly beans, babies and Peeps making up 28%.
- Actual, live chicks can be dyed while still incubating in the egg. They hatch bearing fluff in cheerful, Easter pinks, greens, yellows and any other hue you like. The process is relatively straight-forward: non-toxic food coloring is injected into the egg on its 18th day of incubating, then a dab of wax is put over the hole. Three days later, a colorful baby chick hatches. Over the next few weeks, as the chick sheds its fluff, its feather grow a normal color. Unsurprisingly, animal rights activists decry the practice, not so much because of the injected food coloring, but because their shelters annually become over-run with chickens shortly after Easter. People just wanted the cute, colorful chicks, with no interest in raising them to adulthood.
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