The “X” in “Xmas” Doesn’t Take the “Christ” Out of “Christmas”

xmasMyth: “Xmas” is a non-religious name / spelling for “Christmas”.

It turns out, “Xmas” is not a non-religious version of “Christmas”. The “X” is actually indicating the Greek letter “Chi”, which is short for the Greek, meaning “Christ”. So “Xmas” and “Christmas” are equivalent in every way except their lettering.

In fact, although writing guides such as those issued by the New York Times; the BBC; The Christian Writer’s Manual of Style; and Oxford Press discourage the use of Xmas in formal writing, at one time, it was a very popular practice, particularly with religious scribes, who are thought to have started the whole “Xmas” thing in the first place. Indeed, the practice of using the symbol “X” in place of Christ’s name has been going on amongst religious scholars for at least 1000 years.

Eventually, this shorthand trick spread to non-religious writings where nearly everywhere “Christ” appeared in a word, the Greek Chi would replace that part of the word. For example, in the 17th and 18th centuries, there are numerous non-religious documents containing instances of “Xine”, which was a common spelling for someone whose name was Christine.

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Bonus Facts:

  • The “-mas” part on the end of Christmas and Xmas comes from the Old English word for “mass”.
  • Other classic common abbreviations for “Christ” were: “Xp” and “Xt”, again both an abbreviated form of the Greek for Christ.
  • The Greek letters “X” (Chi) and “p” (Rho) superimposed together was once a very common symbol signifying Christ and was called, somewhat unimaginatively, the Chi-Rho.
  • The Chi-Rho was also used by scribes in a non-religious sense to mark some passage that was particularly good, with it literally implying “good”.
  • In 1977, the Governor of New Hampshire issued a press release stating that journalists should cease taking the “Christ” out of “Christmas” as “Xmas” was a pagan spelling of Christmas. Perhaps he should have run that press release by a religious scholar before issuing it. :-)
  • Although, even those well versed and respected in Christianity often make the same mistake, such as Franklin Graham in an interview on CNN: “For us as Christians, this is one of the most holy of the holidays, the birth of our savior Jesus Christ. And for people to take Christ out of Christmas. They’re happy to say merry Xmas. Let’s just take Jesus out. And really, I think, a war against the name of Jesus Christ.”
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52 comments

  • Christ is not even a name a correct name, it came from greek “christos” that means “anointed”
    Jesus Christ actually means Jesus Anointed One

  • We already knew the ‘X’ in X-mass stood for christ.
    Haven’t you heard Christina Aguilera fans call her “X-tina”?
    Here’s another fact. Christmas originates from the pagan tradition of Saturnalia. The christians wanted to have fun too, so “Christmas” was brought about and they just sorta ‘played along’. So don’t think you’re being smart because I too am happily celebrating this wonderful pagan tradition of giving and receiving gifts and having a good time. lol.

    • Wrong. Yule was all of December and January, and was based on the lunar calendar. Christmas is the (solar) solstice. Saturnalia was observed in early December, and had nothing to do with the solstice. The feat of Sol Invictus was implemented by Aurelian in the late 3rd century, long after the tradition that Jesus was born on December 25th (as first attested in Julius Africanus, 221 AD.

  • christmas tree & some festivities r pagan and were added to christmas, that doesnt take away from its meaning TSKarinaXteria…just because you dont get it doesnt mean ppl will stop celebrating Christs birthday
    maybe but not the celebration, go get your facts right before you infect ignorant minds…I don’t know why ppl like you who dont beleive have to always rain on ppl parades…stop being angry and go do some real research

    MErry Christmas !!!

    thanks for the clarification for X but I prefer Christmas to X

  • They stole pagan holidays like X mas and easter- where in that ridiculous comic book does it say chocolate or egg or bunny or any of the things most commonly associated with these holidays? It doesn’t. The entire religion is stolen piecemeal, right on down to that silly je$u$ character.
    And if you want to cry about raining on people’s parades, ask the millions of people that are subjugated and killed every day in the name of your superstition. Human rights are violated every day, people in Africa die from aids every day because the pope says condoms are evil. People are killed for being witches (YES this still happens) based on the words in your good book. To pretend that being against human rights violations perpetuated by religion every day means that you don’t know about them or don’t care.

    • Chill dude this article talks about the X in Xmas only, not the entire of Christian practices. And to say that people die from AIDS because Pope bans condom would be quite overgeneralizing, anw.

      • No, it would be literally true. Not only did, at least, John Paul II tell Catholics in Africa and other poor countries, that using condoms was a sin, they actually spread “scientific” propaganda that showed that condoms don’t even prevent HIV transmission. This is, of course, a lie. A very dangerous one. Yet it was taught to innocent, trusting Catholic Africans.

        John Paul II deliberately and directly caused the spreading of HIV in Africa. He promoted abstinence and chastity as methods of prevention. Thing is, while people would listen to his bullshit about not using condoms, they didn’t take any notice when he told them not to have sex so much.

        I’m not aware of the present Pope’s opinion on this matter, or if the Catholic church still spreads these lies.

    • Just sit there in your wrong and be wrong. Christians didn’t even call Easter “Easter” for nearly 1000 years. Are you seriously suggesting that Christians adopted the celebration of Easter but waited 1000 years before adopting the name of the holiday? And besides, there is no documented pagan holiday with the name “Easter” or “Eoster.” They only called it “Easter” because the Christian pascha was observed at dawn, or “easter” (in Anglo-Saxon).

  • merry reefmas!!!! lol

  • Where did you come up with this nonsense? For starters, the Greek alphabet has been around 800 years longer than Jesus, so if any correlation has occurred it would be that ‘Christ’, like almost everything else in Christianity, was derived or taken from the Greek letter. Now, obvious fact notwithstanding, if the authors of this article actually new anything about history, which clearly they don’t, they’d know that the reason Jesus’ name is “Christ” is because the the most common language spoken around Jesus’ time was Aramaic and Latin, the Latin language being spoken predominantly by scholars, which subsequently uses the Greek alphabet as its base, hence the use of the letter X. Seriously, when Christians don’t know the answer to something do they just make it up in hope no one with a basic education will find out?

    • Daven Hiskey

      @Andrew: This article has nothing to do with the history of the Greek language nor why humans started calling Jesus “Christ”. It has to do with when the practice of substituting “X” for “Christ” started.

  • i feel as a christian we should take Christ out of christ-mass because this holiday was never christian to begin with but a mixture of the Roman Pagan winter solstice and the Germanic Pagan holiday of Yule which is why their is a Decorated Yule tree,wreaths presents, Santa Clause, and yule logs. all dealing with the false god odin who was depicted with a long white beard and gave presents during the winter season. catholics to keep pagans from worshiping theird gods adopted their holidays and christianized it to convert the pagans and then allowing the to keep their same traditions and practices while stamping Gods name on it. this is heresy and corruption even with christian liberty we should separate ourselves from our pagan roots and worship and celebrate God His way not like the world celebrate their gods. Dueteronomy 12:30-33. separate yourselves from the worlds traditions and practices and feasts as they do it to their gods they made with their own hands.

    • @Joseph
      Totally agree the two don’t mix at all. People need to stop participating in the paganism.

    • And if you really want to get technical about it, you have get rid of the title Christianity, neither Jesus or he’s true Apostles uses this term. Christianity came through “Apostle” Paul, who back ground as true follower of Jesus is merky at best. So most Christianity are really following the. Pauline doctrine not Jesus.

    • Just like a good Christian. Or any follower of the crazy fictional characters. People are enjoying themselves and spreading joy. We should stop them. If you don’t like it then don’t celebrate. But leave everyone else alone. I haven’t celebrated Xmas since I actually decided to open my mind along with books. But, I do celebrate the holiday season. It’s good to take time out of our insanely busy lives to spread joy and show love. To spend time with our families and friends and show them that we love and appreciate them. It’s not a bad thing at all.

  • I’m glad to know this, Xmas is a short convenient abbreviation for Christmas. I don’t want to be offensive by using unacceptable language.

  • Ppl get offended too easily… you are all silly.
    I wonder if when Jesus returns if he will be speaking southern babtist English or the language of his birthplace?

    • Some companies (at least in Philly) have their public employees wish customers a “happy holiday”, and tell them never say Merry Christmas. Phila has a “Christmas Village” outdoor shopping are right outside of City Hall. A couple of years ago some merchants there that wern’t christian demanded that the name by changed. So they changed it to Holiday Village. Last year Mayor Nutter using good sense had it changed back. His wording was something like I’ve never heard of a “holiday holiday”. It’s an area celbrating Christmas, so change it back.

  • Yes. I’m absolutely convinced everybody abbreviating Christmas is well aware of the koine Greek alphabet, and fully intends to their readers to imply Jesus Christ mass, one of the most holy days of the Christian calendar.

    Come off it! MOST people who read & use X in place of Christ are at best lazy and at worst deliberately attempting to secularise the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.

    The fact remains that Christians are not going to declare a jihad on anyone replacing the most important part of Christmas, so feel free to continue to display religious and cultural sensitivity only to those you fear and or feel politically obliged to where in a minority.

    Or, count the cost of writing it properly, and at least pretend to actually be tolerant and culturally sensitive to those billions of people who really would prefer you didn’t take Christ out of Christmas, whatever stretch of the imagination you’d otherwise use to rationalise it.

    Thanks! <3

  • I feel it is a waste of time talking about others belief. As a Christian Jesus is the savior of all. Praise Him and be saved.

  • False! Replacing the name Christ (anointed) with an X is akin to crossing out his name and basically doing away with it! Isn’t that what Satan wanted and still wants? By the way, there is only one anointed savior and that is The Lord Jesus Christ! Anyone can be your savior but only one is anointed through whom you can really be saved! So, to replace Christ with an X is a symptom of a grave spiritual condition, one which which Satan uses under the excuse as to not offend others while backing it up with “wise” scholarly arguments! So, I don’t care! I say, Merry Christmas regardless of whom I offend! At the end of the day, I am accountable to God and not to man!

  • Concerning the Bonus Facts, I think that the second Letter is not RHO it is IOTA. It is IOTA-CHI.

    IOTA stands for Ιησους (Jesus)
    CHI stands for Χριστος (Christ)

    Thank you.

  • Hello again.
    I’m repeating this message to kindly remove this image. If I do not here back a reply by Jan 5th, I’m going to assume that you chose to ignore my request.

    And I will be taking action through social media directed at you to remove this image that was not asks to you use.

    Thank you.

    Vince

    • Daven Hiskey

      @kidchuckle: A better way to make such requests is simply by emailing us. These comment threads on over 3K articles are not checked very often. You’ll also typically want to provide proof when emailing places that you made the image as numerous people claim they made images that they most definitely did not, hoping to scam some money. That’s actually a pretty common thing.
      .
      In any event, all images we use are either paid for by us, usually from stock photo places, shutterstock, deathtostockphotos, etc. (the vast majority), or from copyright free sources (usually wikimedia commons public domain stuff, though sometimes elsewhere), so you might want to check around, because your image must be in one of those places. In either of those cases, obviously we don’t need permission from the creator, but I’m assuming you’re telling the truth and do not otherwise place your images in the public domain else you wouldn’t be making such a request, so I went ahead and took the image down and replaced it with another.
      .
      And just a little tip you might not be aware of, you most definitely will not ever want to try “taking action through social media directed at you,” that’s a great way to find yourself sued for slander if you encounter a sue-happy company, which many are. Best just to email direct and all that with anyone who’s using your images you don’t want to and just work it out that way.
      .
      In any event, thanks for letting us know. It most definitely is not intentional. We’re pretty careful about this sort of thing obviously as we don’t ever want to find ourselves being sued. ;-) This and only one other image (of the moon) have we ever accidentally used an image we ultimately found out we didn’t have rights to. That one was also one that was pulled from a “public domain” pic site that the photographer had not given permission to be there. We simply paid him his stated normal royalties, rather than remove it, which he required for it as we really liked the shot for the particular article over other shots of the moon we had access to on shutterstock. Can’t remember why now, but there was something fairly unique about it that fit really well with whatever article that was. Cheers.

  • Thank you for complying.

    I gave a good amount of time frame for you to answer.
    Since I noticed the comments are moderated, and one comment below had been approved. And my comment had not been replied to contacted… It was safe to say message had bren read.

    On further note this artwork is not stock art. I’ve never submitted any artwork. I’ve putted it up on portfolio sites only. Nor was I paid for the work or asked permission. Stock images never have the artist name in the corner (that’s just a tip for you)

    I do realize I can be sued. But so can others who don’t check where their images come from. Also it is within my right to send it out publically if I’m ignored.or if the image weren’t acquired properly. You can’t win a law suit if you have don’t have documentation for proper use.

    But in any case thank you for removing my image from your article.

    And please double check where you get your source material.

    Happy new year.

    • Hi, KidChuckle,
      (and similar people who see their images used)

      Just because a list somewhere is moderated, you cannot say that a message has been read by a representative of the site. I’m not with this site, but I know that many similar sites have volunteer moderators whose job is simply to click a link if a post is relevant to the topic or not. That person might not have even read the entire post.

      When you do find an image improperly used, your best bet is to find official contact information for the site. You can use various WHOIS tools to find e-mail addresses that are registered to the owner.

      And when you politely ask that the image be removed (and I recommend that you don’t include threats for legal action until after they don’t reply to several messages), you might also ask where they found your image. Then you can also go after the place they got it from.

      For all you know, one of your friends may have played a practical joke on you, uploading your image to a public domain site or similar site granting use of your image, so other sites might also find your image there.

      Good luck.

  • I can give you info on the X representing Christ is religious circles that dates back to at least the 1940’s.

    My father went to Chicago Theological Seminary immediately after WW2. He told me when I was a kid that they were taught that X stood for Christ in their notes and in other places, and that Xmas was indeed a valid abbreviation for Christmas.

    I enjoyed your posts about this subject.

    John
    1951-????

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