The Origins of Wedding Rings And Why They’re Worn On The 4th Finger Of The Left Hand

Noreen 44
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Today I found out the history and symbolism behind the tradition of wearing a wedding ring and why, in most western cultures, it’s worn on the fourth finger of the left hand, otherwise known as the ring finger.

Wedding rings today are a billion dollar sentiment of love, but no  one can really say for sure when this age old tradition actually started. Some believe that the oldest recorded exchange of wedding rings comes from ancient Egypt, about 4800 years ago. Sedges, rushes and reeds, growing alongside the well-known papyrus were twisted and braided into rings for fingers an other decorative ornaments worn by the women in those days.

The circle was the symbol of eternity, with no beginning or end, not only to the Egyptians, but many other ancient cultures. The hole in the center of the ring also had significance. It wasn’t just considered a space, but rather a gateway, or door; leading to things and events both known and unknown. To give a woman a ring signifies never-ending and immortal love.

The materials these rings were made of didn’t last very long and soon were substituted with rings made of leather, bone or ivory. The more expensive the material, the more love shown to the receiver; the value of the ring also  demonstrated the wealth of the giver.

The Roman’s also eventually adopted this tradition but with their own twist. Rather than offering a ring to a woman as a symbol of love, they awarded them as a symbol of ownership. Roman men would “claim” their woman with the giving of a ring. Roman betrothal rings were later made of iron and called “Anulus Pronubus.” They symbolized strength and permanence. It is also said that the Romans were the first to engrave their rings.

It was not until about 860 that the Christians used the ring in marriage ceremonies; even then, it was not the simple plain band as we know it. It usually was highly decorated with engraved doves, lyres, or two linked hands. The Church discouraged such rings as ‘heathenish’ and, around the 13th century, wedding and betrothal rings were considerably simplified, and given a more spiritual look which was very aptly expressed by a Bishop when he dubbed it a “symbol of the union of hearts.”

Wedding rings through different stages in history have been worn on different fingers, including the thumb, and on both the left and right hands. According to  a tradition believed to have been derived from the Romans, the wedding ring is worn on the left hand ring finger because there was thought to be a vein in the finger, referred to as the ‘Vena Amoris’ or the ‘Vein of Love’ said to be directly connected to the heart. However, scientists have shown this is actually false. Despite this, this  myth still remains regarded by many (hopeless romantics) as the number one reason rings are worn on the fourth finger.

Another theory thought to be behind the ring being placed on the left hand by Christians seems a little more plausible. Early Christian marriages had a ritual to wear the wedding ring in the third finger. As the priest recited during the binding ,”In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”, he would take the ring and touch the thumb, the index finger, and the middle finger; then, while uttering “Amen”, he would place the ring on the ring finger, which sealed the marriage.

A more practically based theory is that the soft metal (traditionally gold for wedding rings) is less worn or injured on the finger of the left hand, due to most of the world being right handed.  Further, the fourth finger on the left hand is probably the second to the least used finger on a person’s hands outside of pinkies.  Pinkies being small, making a small ring with little surface area to decorate, perhaps motivated people to then place it on the next least used finger, namely the fourth finger on the left hand, which is roughly the size of the other fingers.

Bonus Facts:

  • The earliest and smallest engagement ring was given to Princess Mary, daughter of Henry VIII. She was two years old at the time.  Presumably the ring was given to her by Pedobear. ;-)
  • Seventeen tons of gold are made into wedding rings each year in the United States!
  • Back in the 1300’s, when people were particularly superstitious, it was believed that taking a piece of the bride’s clothing would grant the guests good luck. This lead to many guests that would literally tear cloth from the bride’s dress (which made for a very peeved bride!). So, in an attempt to stave off greedy luck-seekers, many brides began to throw items to guests that could be easily removed from her and that included her garter. Eventually, grooms began to remove the garter and tossed it to the men as a means to prevent tipsy male guests from trying to do the deed themselves. In an effort to help the women feel included, it eventually became customary for the bride to throw her bouquet at the female guests.
  • There are dozens of good-luck, bad-luck traditions followed by different cultures around the world. In Greek culture, a sugar cube is tucked into the bride’s glove to “sweeten” the marriage. For good luck, Egyptian women pinch the bride on her wedding day. The English believe a spider found in a wedding dress means good luck.Peas are thrown at Czech newlyweds instead of rice. Ancient Greeks and Romans thought the veil protected the bride from evil spirits. Brides have worn veils ever since. The groom carries the bride across the threshold to bravely protect her from evil spirits lurking below.
  • The first recorded account of a diamond engagement ring was in 1477 when King Maximilian I of Germany (1459-1519) proposed to Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482) and offered her a diamond to seal his vow. (So, men you now know who to blame!)
  • Interestingly, in many countries, even today, including Norway, Russia, Greece, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Poland, Austria, Germany,Portugal and Spain, the wedding ring in worn on the ring finger of the right hand and not the left. In Jewish tradition, the groom places the ring on the bride’s index finger, and not the “ring” finger at all.

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44 Comments »

  1. kelly September 27, 2010 at 9:12 pm - Reply

    Pedobear remark was uncalled for, stop perpetuating a fad joke that belittles a serious issue.

    • Daven Hiskey
      Daven September 27, 2010 at 11:32 pm - Reply

      @Kelly: I’ve never gotten the impression that anyone actually somehow thinks pedofelia is somehow OK or less horrible because of the pedobear meme; it also doesn’t seem that the people who find humor in it are enjoying some form of morose delectation over such actual real acts. In the end, most jokes and humor are all about turning serious or horrible issues (at various levels) into something funny; this is more or less the essence of humor. Because of this, pretty much everyone laughs at horrible things, it’s just the level of horribleness that can be funny to a specific person that varies from individual to individual. In the end, I personally think learning to find humor in any situation, regardless of how horrible or whether the situation happened to you or someone else, makes life much more enjoyable and is generally a healthy response to life’s exigencies, more often than not. This doesn’t imply that one loses site of the seriousness or horribleness of a given situation. Rather, sometimes all you can do is laugh. In my experience, it’s usually people who have had very little go wrong in their life, in terms of the things that actually matter, that have a hard time laughing at the darker side of life. To each his own, I suppose.

  2. Internet September 27, 2010 at 11:00 pm - Reply

    @kelly: An engagement ring was given to a two year old. This is the internet. A Pedo-bear reference is practically obligatory in that situation.

  3. Me October 5, 2010 at 2:21 pm - Reply

    It is not true that the wedding ring is worn on the right hand in Portugal – I don’t know about the other countries mentioned.

    The engagement ring is worn on the right ring finger until the wedding day, when it’s moved to the left ring finger together with the wedding ring (put on by the groom) or removed completely.

  4. Gospel James August 6, 2013 at 7:00 am - Reply

    I think the wedding band is no longer necessary for a couple to feel in love and united. A wedding band does not guaranttee psychological fidelity between a married, or engaged couple; and so should be discontinued.

    • Natasha October 30, 2013 at 12:09 am - Reply

      Wow @ Gospel James who screwed you over?

      • Eberhardt June 19, 2014 at 3:48 pm - Reply

        @Natasha: If Gospel James is anything like me, then he’s not talking bout getting screwed over. It’s about having been around the world in 80 days (or less), or having been around the block an innumerable amount of times, and seeing that at some point everyone (especially us guys) will be riding many horses without the special one[s] knowing it. When the haze of youth clears a bit, and we’re able to commit to others (mostly others who have already led the same lifestyle), then we know for sure that it’s not about a trinket, or a legal document, or a preacher/rabbi/caliph/pandit – whatever you believe in – but about your complement in this existence.

  5. Mark Unhjem December 12, 2013 at 4:18 pm - Reply

    In Norway years ago the couple put on “wedding” rings when they were engaged. It was a sign of commitment, and that were off-limits to others.

  6. menaredogs February 18, 2014 at 10:58 am - Reply

    There are plenty nasty women who actually look for married men. So …. Men wear your wedding rings. Don’t miss out on the homewrecking females hunting you.

  7. Theopup April 7, 2014 at 2:31 pm - Reply

    @Gospel James, you hit the nail right on the head. I think it must be discontinued because nowadays, some couples hide their rings and go behind their spouse. May God forgive them. God never gave Adam and Eve a ring to bind them as husband and wife.

  8. NicolePT April 27, 2014 at 12:11 pm - Reply

    Ok, where exactly have you heard that in Portugal people use the wedding ring on the right hand!?? It´s just not true! engagement and wedding rings are used on the left hand, the ring finger.. only commitment rings are used on the right hand.

  9. Jefferson Leaman August 21, 2014 at 6:18 am - Reply

    Wedding ring should be discontinued because God has not commanded it in Scripture.

  10. st. Francis August 28, 2014 at 1:53 am - Reply

    Thank u mr. Poster. It a pity that many buy an idea without finding out the origin. I’v search 4 dis knowledge, and i found it. I don’t need any element to prove my love. If one have no faith in my words, he/she can have no faith in my gift.

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