The Song Commonly Called “Teenage Wasteland” is Actually Named “Baba O’Riley”
The song “Baba O’Riley”, written by Pete Townshend and performed by The Who, is often incorrectly called “Teenage Wasteland”. The actual name of “Baba O’Riley” was chosen in tribute to famed spiritual leader, Meher Baba, and musician Terry Riley, who provided the philosophical and musical influences for the song itself.
Meher Baba was a famed Indian spiritual guru and the self proclaimed reincarnation of God. Terry Riley was simply a minimalist musician and classical composer that Pete Townshend admired a great deal. Riley’s music also heavily influenced the composition of the song Baba O’Riley itself, particularly the keyboard riffs.
Pete Townsend originally wrote the song as a part of the follow up to Tommy, called Lifehouse. The original version of the song made for Lifehouse was actually nearly 30 minutes long. When the Lifehouse project never got picked up by anyone, The Who took many of the songs from that project and shrunk them down to be put in the 1971 album Who’s Next, which was one of their most popular albums.
In Lifehouse, the song was to be sung by Ray, who was a Scottish farmer. During the song, Ray gathers his wife, Sally, and his two children and takes them to London, trying to escape the “Teenage Wasteland”.
- The synthesizer part in Baba O’Riley is played from a taped recording due to the fact that it is too difficult to reproduce live.
- The idea for the violin part at the end of the song was Keith Moon’s idea (drummer).
- Instead of having a violin play in concert, The Who almost always have the end jig played on a harmonica.
- In the song, Roger Daltrey sings lead vocals and Pete Townshend sings the part: “Don’t cry. Don’t raise your eye. It’s only teenage wasteland.”
- Baba O’Riley was listed at number 340 on Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. It is also in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for being one of the 500 “Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll”
- The name “Meher Baba” means “Compassionate Father”. This name was given to the spiritual leader by his followers.
- From July 10, 1925 until his death in 1969, Meher Baba was completely silent, choosing to communicate via an alphabet board and later via his own made up sign language, which was in turn translated and spoken by one of his mandali. According to Baba, the reason for his silence was: “Man’s inability to live God’s words makes the Avatar’s teaching a mockery. Instead of practicing the compassion he taught, man has waged wars in his name. Instead of living the humility, purity, and truth of his words, man has given way to hatred, greed, and violence. Because man has been deaf to the principles and precepts laid down by God in the past, in this present Avataric form, I observe silence.”
- Baba constantly promised to his followers that, when he broke his silence, he would speak a word that would lay the foundation for everything that would take place in the world for the next 700 years. Several times he would set a time and location for when he was going to speak this word, only to break his promise, often without any explanation.
- Baba’s last sign language message before his death on January 31, 1969 was “Do not forget that I am God.” He died without ever speaking the word he had promised would change the world.
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